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  • 2013-01-21 09:22:03
KMC ENOKI MUSHROOM
Enokitake No. 1
Enokitake No. 1 refers to the product selected from the ASI 4021 strain, which has a variety of excellent properties, after the strain was grown nationwide or imported from abroad by the Institute of Agricultural Technology between 1981 and 1982 and the properties and growing method of each strain were identified in 1984. In 1986, in the productivity test, the strain was tested for its excellent production. In 1987, the mushroom spawn committee designated the mushroom as a commercial species. In selecting this species, Kim Han-gyeong, Park Jeong-sik, Cha Dong-yeol, and Jeong Hwan-chae participated.
1. Key Properties
[Table 1] Registered Spawn Properties and Yield Test Results
Mushroom Types Enokitake MushroomsSpecies NameEnokitake No. 1
Culture Medium80% poplar sawdust + 20% rice bran
Cultivation TypeBottle cultivation
Type ItemDetailsContent
PropertiesRequired Days for Initial Germination10 daysPeriod required from scratching to earliest formation
Growing Period14 daysfrom formation until harvest
Effective Stipes258 per bottleCalculated after cutting the mushroom at 5cm from bottom
Cap Size11mmLeft/right diameter of the harvested caps
Stem Length11~13cmLength from the bottom of the body to the top of the cap
Cap ColorMilky whitecolor of the cap
Formation TemperatureLow temperature4~14℃
Yield Yield per bottle104g/800ccFresh mushrooms

- Enokitake No. 1 has the short initial germination period of 10 days and gains relatively many effective stipes.
Also, if exposed to light for a long time, it turns brown at the cap or from the bottom of its stem. Therefore,
milky white mushrooms can be produced only when cultivated in a pitch-dark environment.
- Optimum temperature for cultivation of Enokitake No. 1 is at around 25℃
- To gain higher yields of the fruiting body, the water content of the sawdust medium for Enokitake No. 1 should
be 72%.
- The optimum amount of medium ranges from 560g to 610g per bottle when filling sawdust medium in a PP
(polypropylene) bottle of 850ml for cultivation of Enokitake No. 1, and any amount exceeding it requires longer
periods of cultivation while increasing yields of the fruiting body.
- The optimum temperature for fruiting body growth is 6℃ and any temperature higher than this reduces yields.
 
1.Productivity
The results of the productivity test found that the Enokitake No. 1 strain allows faster completion of spawn cultivation, production of more effective stipes and the largest quantity of fruiting body (104g per bottle), and least browning.
[Table 2] Yield from Productivity Test per Strain
StrainMycelium Growth
(mm/28days)
Required Initial
Germination Period
(Days)
Spawn Completion
Period(Days)
Total Length
(mm)
Effective Stipes
(stipe)
Yield
(per bottle)
Browning StateQuality
Enokitake No. 1701028110258104+Good
40037682811718193+++Average
400872103514723283+++Average
40097883010825376++Good
40117182813722999++Good
402077133010015676+Good

* 褐变状态 : +;Good, ++;Average, +++;Severe
 
3. Cautions During Cultivation
The optimum mix ratio of medium is 80% poplar sawdust and 20% rice bran
The optimum water content of sawdust medium is 70% for high yields of fruiting body
The optimum fruiting body formation body ranges from 10 to 14℃ and the optimum growth temperature is 6℃
 
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